Nota de Prensa
El ministro de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, José Ignacio Wert, ha presentado esta mañana la ponencia del profesor de la Universidad de Stanford, Erik Hanushek, que se ha celebrado en el Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte y a la que han asistido profesores de varias universidades españolas.
A continuación, se facilitan las palabras del ministro José Ignacio Wert en dicha presentación.
Dear Professor Hanushek, Dear all:
Good Morning everyone and Thank you for coming to the Seminar devoted to the analysis of the International Differences in Educational Achievement. Thank you above all to Professor Hanushek for coming all the way from Stanford University in California, to Spain.
Professor Hanushek is the Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. He is a leader in the development of economic analysis of educational issues. His research spans such diverse areas as the impact of teacher quality, high stakes accountability, equity and efficiency in school finance, and class size reduction along with the role of cognitive skills in international growth and development. His pioneering analysis measuring teacher quality through the growth in student achievement forms the basis for current research into the value-added of teachers and schools.
He is chairman of the Executive Committee for the Texas Schools Project at the University of Texas at Dallas, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of the Koret Task Force on K-12 Education. He was recently appointed to the Equity and Excellence Commission of the U.S. Department of Education, and he served as chair of the Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences during 2008-2010. He is currently the area coordinator for Economics of Education of the CESifo Research Network.
He is a Distinguished Graduate of the United States Air Force Academy and completed his Ph.D. in economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Government service includes being Deputy Director of the Congressional Budget Office, Senior Staff Economist at the Council of Economic Advisers, and Senior Economist at the Cost of Living Council.
This experience serving Government will be very useful for us today. Spain is now in the process of passing a New Education Bill that will introduce in our country tools usually employed in most of the developed countries: central external and standardized tests, and autonomy of schools. Spain will soon join the 24 OECD countries (out of 34) that already have central external and standardized tests. The survey that Professor Hanushek will present us today concludes that "Taken as a whole, the existing cross-country evidence suggests that the effect of external exit exams on student achievement may well be larger than a whole grade-level equivalent, or between 20% and 40% of a standard deviation of the respective international tests." This survey further provides evidence that the combination of accountability and autonomy of schools leads to an improvement of 50% of the standard deviation compared to a institutional setting with no central exams and no school autonomy. All in all, the most reputed international studies contend that accountability and school autonomy are two educational interventions that can provide the much needed improvement of the quality of education in Spain. The impact of this institutional setting is much more important than other popular demands, such as increasing public education spending or reducing class size level, for which the Hanushek survey, find little evidence of significant impact on education achievement. "It is hard to find evidence of substantial positive effects of most resource inputs, in particular class sizes and expenditure levels. Among school inputs, there is somewhat more indication of positive effects of measures capturing teacher quality".
For all this, I am sure that the presentation of Professor Hanushek will be of great interest for the Education Community in Spain. I will have the opportunity to talk about all these issues later on in the lunch and in tomorrow's Seminar. Have all of you a nice discussion.
NOTA: Sólo son válidas las palabras que hayan sido pronunciadas por el ministro de Educación, Cultura y Deporte durante el acto.